What are migraines?

Migraines are generally divided into two sub-types. The majority of Migraine sufferers experience “Migraine without aura,” otherwise known as called common Migraine. In “Migraine with aura,”, the pain is preceded or accompanied by visual or other sensory disturbances, including nausea, partial obstruction of the visual field, numbness or tingling, or a feeling of heaviness. Symptoms are often most prominent on one side of the body, and may begin as early as 72 hours before the onset of pain.

What are the symptoms of Migraine headaches?

Migraine characteristics can include:


  • Pain typically on one side of the head
  • Pain has a pulsating or throbbing quality
  • Moderate to intense pain affecting daily activities
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Attacks last four to 72 hours, sometimes longer
  • Visual disturbances or aura
  • Pain worsens with physical activity

Causes of Migraine headaches

Although the exact causes of Migraine headaches are not yet fully understood, it is believed that they result from a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Having a family history of Migraine headaches will significantly increase the likelihood of a person suffering from this condition. It is believed that a number of factors can act as triggers of Migraine.

These factors include ingestion of particular foods and beverages, such as wine, beer, cheese and chocolate; hormonal changes in women, stress, sensory stimuli such as bright lights and loud sounds, changes in sleep patterns, changes in weather and particular medications.

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